I’ve joined MeWe social network, having left Facebook years ago. They say your data is secure and not used or sold on and there are no ads. Must be better if you are going to use one of these platforms.
I tend to post things here first and share others that I find.
الحمد لله على نعمة الإسلام والحمد لله على نعمة الجماعة والحمدللهعلى الأخوة والوفاء وعلى التعاون على البر والتقوى، نحمده تعالى ونستعينه، ونشكره تعالى ونستغفره ونستغيثه، نعوذ بالله من شرور أنفسنا ومن سيئات أعمالنا، من يهد الله فهو المهتد ومن يضلل فلن تجد له وليا مرشدا، ونشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له، له الملك و له الحمد، يحيي ويميت، بيده الخير، وهو على كل شيء قدير، ونشهد أن سيدنا و مولانا محمداً عبده ورسوله، وحبيبَه وصفيَّه، بلغ الرسالة وأدّى الأمانةَ ونصح الأمة، النبي الأمي الذي أرسله الله بالهدى والدين الحق، بشيرا ونذيرا بين يدي الساعة، صلى الله عليه وسلم وعلى آله وأصحابه ومن تبعهم بإحسان إلى يوم الدين
أما بعد! فيا عباد الله اتقوا الله حق تقاته ولا تموتن إلا وأنتم مسلمون. يأيها الذين ءامنوا اتقوا الله وقولوا قولا سديدا يصلح لكم أعمالكم ويغفر لكم ذنوبكم. ومن يطع الله ورسوله فقد فاز فوزا عظيما. اتقوا الله فيما أمر وانتهوا عما نها عنه وزجر.
يأيها المسلمون! يقول الله تعالى في محكم آياته وهو أصدق القائلين:
Allah says in His noble Book, the translation of which is:
“Those who pledge you their allegiance, pledge allegiance to Allah. Allah’s hand is over their hands. He who breaks his pledge only breaks it against himself. But as for him who fulfils the contract he has made with Allah, We will pay him an immense reward.”(Surat al-Fath. 48:10)
This oath mentioned in this ayah is known as Bay´ah ar-Ridwan, and that is all in Surat al-Fath. Those who gave the oath of loyalty (al-bay´ah) in Hudaybiya, gave an oath to the Messenger of Allah and gave an oath to Allah, subhanahu wa ta ´ala. مَّن يُطِعِ الرَّسُولَ فَقَدْ أَطَاعَ اللَّهَ : يقول الله Allah says: “Whoever obeys the messenger has obeyed Allah..” (Surah an-Nisa.80)
There is a sahih narration transmitted by both Bukhari and Muslim related by Abu Hurairah:
عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه مرفوعاً: «من أطاعني فقد أطاع الله، ومن عصاني فقد عصى الله، ومن يطع الأمير فقد أطاعني، ومن يعص الأمير فقد عصاني«
The Prophet ﷺ connected obedience to him to obedience to the amir. He said ﷺ: “Whoever obeys me has obeyed Allah and whoever disobeys me has disobeyed Allah. Whoever obeys the amir has obeyed me and whoever disobeys the amir has disobeyed me.”
These words of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ are important and are relevant to us. The bay´ah is a sunnah. And it is a forgotten sunnah. The ceremony and the formality of giving the oath of loyalty to an Amir has a great blessing because it is an act of gravity and sincerity and because it is following the practice of the sahaba with the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and the salaf as-Salih, the early righteous generations of the Ummah. But the most important aspect is not the formality, but rather the actual commitment, the fulfilment of the oath of loyalty and obedience. This is the antidote to the poison of the individualistic way of life of our times.
The Hand ofAllah is over their hands according to Imam al-Qurtubi it means: they promised loyalty to Allah, and Allah promised them recompense. They offered obedience and Allah gave them, guidance. Ibn Kisan added: the hand of Allah is above their handsmeans: the strength of Allah and His help are with them, above their own strength and their own resources.
No one should look at these ayats (about the Bay´ah ar-Ridwan) or any other ayats in the Qur´an, for that matter, as a narrative of glorious events in the age of the prophecy, but rather Allah is addressing Himself directly to us and to our situation. Each one of them is significant and incumbent upon us. The ayats of the Qurán are signs, they show the way of sanity and truthfulness, they indicate the path to attain the pleasure of our Lord.
Allah commands the believers to obey Him and to obey His messenger and to obey the people of authority among them. It is an obligation on the Muslims to live in jama´ah. This obligation is implicit in the command of Allah:
You who have iman! obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those who have authority among you (Surat an-Nisa´4:59)
The commands and prohibitions of the Qur´an are relevant and incumbent upon mankind, they are the path of success until the end of time, and the sunnah of His Messenger ﷺ is the correct guidance and the ship of salvation in the tempests of each epoch and age. The command to be united as one community is also implied in the ayat that we repeat every Friday, in every mosque:
The translation of which is: And obey Allâh and His Messenger and dispute not with one another or you will be demoralised and you will falter and your strength will depart from you. And do persevere, for Allâh is surely with the patiently persevering ones. (Surat al-Anfal. 8:46)
And do not quarrel between yourselves, so that you will be divided, so that as a result you will split and distance from each other, and your hearts will separate. Your strength reehukum, the wind that blows in your favour, the favourable wind that makes you advance in the right direction and blows in the face of your enemies. Imam al-Qurtubi says in his tafseer about this ayah. Tadh-haba reehukum: You will lose your strength and your impulse, success will escape from your hands. Commenting on this ayah Mujahid ibn Jabir, one of the tabi´in and one of the most reliable commentators of the Qur´an said: In the day of Uhud the favourable wind abandoned the companions of Muhammad, ﷺ when they quarrelled. They disobeyed the command of Rasul and they disobeyed their Amir who had been appointed over them in the hill.
Abdullah ibn Úmar, may Allah be pleased with him and with his father, said: I heard the Prophet, ﷺ say: “Whoever withdraws his hand from obedience will meet Allah on the Day of Qiyamah and will have no argument in his defence. And whoever dies and does not have the commitment (literally, hanging on his neck) of ba´yah, (oath of loyalty to his Amir) he will die the death of jahiliyyah.”
This is a sound hadith, authentic and undisputed. The obligation of giving allegiance to an Imam, to the leader of the Muslim community is a sunnah. Being involved in the affairs of the local Muslim community is the pre-requisite to be involved and concerned with the affairs of the Ummah. Living and dying the death of Jahiliyyah is something that can be seen, does not need much explanation. Ba´yah is a sunnah, and it is a forgotten sunnah. The argument that Ba´yah is not incumbent since the time of the Khalifah Raashidah or that it is not obligatory to have a Muslim leader or that allegiance is only due to the Imaamatul-´Udhmah, The Khalif of all the Muslims, was already dismissed many centuries ago when there was an Omayyad Caliph in Córdoba and one Abbasid caliph in Bagdad. The people of knowledge unanimously agreed that oath of allegiance to the leader of the Muslims was obligatory to every Muslim, to whoever Allah had given authority in every place and time.
The community of the believers, above whom is the Hand of Allah is a sound social body cemented by the qualities of true brotherhood, and the marks of preference, mutual support, mutual advise and loyalty to their Amir. This is the only possible way of life for the Muslims. Strength is in the jama´ah. Allah loves those who love each other for His sake. The Amir doesn’t have to be a Scholar. He can have scholars to be his advisors. The Amir does not need to be a superman. His success is based on the good and sincere advice and the support of the men and women of his community. Allah helped His Messenger by His Own Help and by the help of the believers.
It is He who supported you with His help and with the muminun,(Surat al Anfal. 8:62)
There is the authority of the people of knowledge of Allah and knowledge of the Deen, the people of ma´rifah and the people of ´ilm, and there is the authority of the Muslim leader of the community. In the early generations of Islam those two aspects of authority where one and the same. In our time the recovery of sovereignty to our communities and to our Ummah will come from righteous leaders and actively committed scholars united and with mutual recognition, courtesy and respect, each one giving the other his due.
What seems now normal is not necessarily what is correct. There are many things that are not right and we know with knowledge of certainty that they are not correct, we know it in our heart and we know it because we have the confirmation of the Book of Allah and the sunnah of His Messenger. That certainty cannot be debilitated by any form of dominant opinion, political ideology or even by legal enforcement. Holding to our certainty is the internal strength of the believer. Holding fast together to the jama´ah is the collective strength of the Muslims as a community – and all strength is from Allah. All power belongs to Him and by being slaves to Him and obeying Him, by being thankful to Him we assure our success in this life and the Next.
What has happened to the Muslims that we are not strongly organised communities with clear leadership? Do we not know that whenever three people went on a journey the Messenger of Allah ﷺ would appoint one of them Amir? Do we not remember that Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “You should listen to and obey your ruler even if he was an Ethiopian slave whose head looks like a raisin.” Do we not hear the words of Allah:
You who have iman! obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in command among you? (Surat an-Nisa´4:59)
Since the abolition of the Ottoman Caliphate and the last Moghul Dawlat in the Indian subcontinent, the traditional Muslim lands have adopted the political model of the nation-state and in that model Islam has been relegated to private practices of worship, the ´ibadaat, and personal morals. The only exception being Morocco where the leader of the nation is the Ameer al-Muminin. Instead of having civic leaders, the Muslim countries have accepted the new status quo and surrendered all their civic affairs to the political class while resorting to a sort of clergy that leads the prayers, conduct janazas, sees to weddings and teach Islamic sciences, turning a blind eye to a whole dimension of human life and therefore a whole facet of the Deen of Allah, the mu´amalat, which relates to integrity in the market place, avoidance of usury, stopping corruption, fighting injustice, collection and distribution of zakat and establishing the Deen in its full extent.
Shaykh Abdalqadir as-Sufi may Allah be well please with him, says in his manual to Muslim leaders, The Muslim Prince: Zakat is the foundation stone of the State without usury and he adds: Zakat is the seal of the abolition of the mushrik system, called capitalism.
The present conformism with things as they are is a recipe to perpetuate individualism, to prevent the power of the Muslim community, the jama´ah, and to curtail the scope of the Din. This formulation pretends to restrict the relevance and validity of the Deen of Islam and to reduce it to a “religion” in the Christian and western sense of the word “religion”.
A strong Muslim jama´ah is not passive in the face of injustices and oppression. The Muslims are not tamed because we do not fear anyone other than Allah. Our struggle in this age, as in every age, is to strive together and unite to create, to defend and to protect a safe space where Allah can be worshipped, in which birr and ihsan can be practiced, to clean ourselves and our communities, in as much as we are able, from the filth of the haram that surrounds us, a space to raise our children in fitra and to which we invite others to live in the safety of Islam.
The ayah Hold fast altogether to the Rope of Allah and do not separateand the hadith of Abdullah ibn ´Umar… And whoever dies and does not have the commitmentof ba´yah, (oath of loyalty to his Amir) he will die the death of jahiliyyah, are enough proof to provide clarity on this matter: the fact that Muslims are not permitted to remain leaderless. Giving allegiance to an Amir is a necessary part of the life of a Muslim and the fact that this has become strange, rare, and unusual in our time does not mean that it is not true and does not invalidate this important aspect of our Deen. Many things are prevailing in our time that are incorrect, unjust and corrupt, contrary to the Deen of Allah and we know with knowledge of certainty that they are the cause of anger from Allah. Our certainty is over and above the prevailing tides of opinion, the dominant ideologies and the discourses of the kuffar.
Allah make us see the truth as truth and grant that we follow it.
Allah make us see the false as false and grant that we avoid it.
أقول قولي هذا وأستغفر الله لي ولكم ولسائر المسلمين من كل ذنب فاستغفروه. إنه هو الغفور الرَّحيم
الحمد لله الحمد لله رب العالمين، وأشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له وأشهد أن محمداً عبده ورسوله، صلى الله وسلم وبارك عليه وعلى آله وصحبه، والتابعين وتابعي التابعين ومن تبعهم بإحسان إلى يوم الدين.
فيأيها الذين ءامنوا اتقوا الله ما استطعتم واسمعوا وأطيعوا وأنفقوا خيرا لأنفسكم.
عباد الله! أوصيكم وإياي بتقوى الله وطاعته وأحذركم وإياي عن معصيته ومخالفته. أما بعد !
يقول الله تعالى: إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يُحِبُّ ٱلَّذِينَ يُقَٰتِلُونَ فِى سَبِيلِهِۦ صَفًّا كَأَنَّهُم بُنْيَٰنٌ مَّرْصُوصٌ
Allah tabaraka wa ´ala says: “ Allah loves those who strive in His Way in compact ranks like a well-built wall.”
Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Be servants of Allah and be brothers. Do not be hostile to one another and do not hate one another. Follow the right course, be correct, seek nearness to Allah, and give glad tidings.”
Allah says: “Cooperate in virtue and right action and taqwa and do not cooperate in evil and oppression.” (Surat al-Ma´ida. 2)
Abu Hurairah narrated that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “Verily Allah is pleased with you for three things and He is angry with you for 3 things:
He is pleased with you that you worship Allah alone and do not associate anything with Him.
That you hold all together to the rope of Allah and that you do not separate.
That you give good advice to those Allah has given authority over your affairs.
He is angry with you for three things:
Gossip. قيل و قال
Asking too many questions
Allahumma give strength and cohesion to the Ummah of Islam and strength and unity to our community. Allahumma give us a certainty that fortifies us to take upon ourselves our own share of responsibility, Ya Allah give us leaders with taqwa of You who will rise the banner of Your Din high and make them and us worth to be in the company of Rasulullah in this life and in the Next.
Allahumma give us correct knowledge of the Din and grant us the courage to act according to that knowledge.
Oh Allah bless the founder of this Mosque and this community Shaykh Abdalqadir as-Sufi and multiply his reward. And give your support and the support of the believers to the Amir of this community and give him strength to carry out his duty and inspire in us loyalty to assist him and to share that responsibility.
O Lord, grant Your clear victory to the one who takes charge and empowers the Deen,
And help him, O You Who are forbearing, and help his party and fill his heart with what will make him pleasing to you.
O Lord, help our Muhammadan deen, and make it end mighty as it began.
Muslimun and muslimat! Be thankful to Allah for the gift of Islam and show gratitude to the Messenger of Allah by asking blessings on him abundantly, after every prayer and particularly on the day of Jumu’ah and more so in this month of Rabi al-Awwal. The month of the Moulid of the Rasulullah.
We are gathered here this weekend to celebrate the birthday of Shaykh Abdalqadir as – Sufi. To really celebrate him we need to remind ourselves of his teaching and what he brought us throughout his life. He did not call to himself, but to the remembrance of Allah and His Messenger sallallahu alayhi wa sallim, and what was established in Madinah as a blueprint for all of mankind, the Deen established and practiced in its purest and most perfect form.
As he said at the start of Root Islamic Education:
“Islam is not, and can never be, by definition, in crisis or need of revisionist change, Islam, Kitab wa Sunnah, is immutable in all places until the end of time. It is itself a critique and balance-principle against which all human ventures must be measured and themselves revised and changed”.
Allah has gathered us all together in this blessed Jumu’ah mosque, in this blessed city of the mountain, sea and awliya, to honour the blessed life of sayyidina Shaykh Abdalqadir as-Sufi, may Allah have mercy on him, as was fore-ordained before anything came into existence. Each person is here because He, subhanahu wa ta’ala, decreed that it should happen; it is His will and for His purpose.
Allah, subhanahu wa ta’ala, has made clear to mankind that He wants us to know Him in His Mercy and Majesty, and to that end He brought forth creation, which was firstly recorded in a book, from beginning to end. Nothing and no one outsteps what Allah wants, either in time or place, whether sun, sand particle, animal, jinn or human being.
Recently we mentioned a most important ayah from Surah adh-Dhariah in Allah’s book,
بعد أعوذ بالله من الشيطان الرجيم
56 I did not create jinn and man except to worship Me.
This reminds us, firstly, that we, that is, Jinn and Men, are Allah’s creation, with no say in our coming into existence or departure, leaving us without doubt about our origins, and clarifying that our parents are not the initiators of our arrival, and, secondly, why we are here.
The universe and our world, including the Jinn were already created by Allah before Adam’s mud was invested with spirit, and by this introduction Allah’s purpose was complete. He says,
بعد أعوذ بالله من الشيطان الرجيم
44 The seven heavens and the earth and everyone in them glorify Him.
There is nothing which does not glorify His praise.
But you do not understand their glorification.
He is All-Forbearing, Ever-Forgiving. 17:44
Everything of its nature glorifies Allah, which is what it was created to do, but not until Abu al-Bashir was there a part of creation that could appreciate what the Creator had done because Allah taught him what even the angels did not know, and the Jinn did not understand. Knowing the names of things and this inherent ability to communicate with language makes man the crown of creation, its highest point and the locus of the fulfilling of Allah’s intention with creation.
La ilaha illa Allahu, wahdahu la sharika lahu, lahul mulku wa lahul hamd, wa Huwa ‘ala kulli shay’in qadir.
La ilaha ila Allah. There is nothing in existence worthy of being worshipped or submitting to other than Allah, that is, that any worship that is directed to anything other than Allah is misplaced, and merits response. Recall, that ‘jinn and men were only created to worship Him, subhanahu wa ta’ala.
Wahdahu la sharika lahu. Alone and without partner. He has no assistance in His Lordship and all outcomes are His.
Lahul Mulku wa lahul Hamd. The Kingdom, everything in existence belongs to Him and all Praise is His by right and reality.
Wa Huwa ‘ala kulli shay’in qadir. And He has power over everything, without exception. This is not potential power but actual dominance over everything that exists and everything that happens.
Anas ibn Malik reported that the Messenger of Allah, sallallahu alayhi wa sallim, said, “When the Qiyamah (end of the world and Rising) comes upon one of you while holding a sapling, then let him plant it.”
A clear message from the Rasulullah, sallallahu alayhi wa sallim, about action in this world and its relation to the next. A sapling, of course, needs time and conditions to grow to its fullness and it may seem pointless to bother with it when there is no time left and no earth to grow it in. But he, sallallahu alayhi wa sallim, never said anything without purpose or meaning, and he helps us understand the nature of this world and the next and their relation to time/beyond time.
In the light of our isolation and inability to gather together, leading to a virtual gathering of the recitation of Shaykh Muhammad ibn al-Habib’s ‘Miftahul Wird’, may Allah fill his tomb with light, and through the medium of the Internet, including people who are less familiar with it, I wish to assist in its participant’s benefit and understanding of its gifts and adab using the Shaykh’s own commentary on his blessed ‘Key to the Source’, and may Allah help me to fulfill that desire with clarity and forgive me for any errors, which I am more than happy to be corrected on.
In Shaykh Muhammad ibn al-Habib’s lifetime, he predicted that his diwan would be sung around the world, which was extraordinary at the time, and this virtual gathering as well as the extant communities testify to his insight, and in great measure to the efforts of his murid and heir, Shaykh Dr. ‘Abdaqadir as-Sufi.
In the beginning of his qasidah, ‘Commentary on the Wird’, which is the first song in his renowned diwan entitled, ‘The Desire of Journeying Murids and the Gift to Wayfaring Gnostics’, he begins by describing himself as, عبُيَدُْ, ‘ubayd’, the diminutive of ‘Abd as an expression of humility and a protection against claim, as he starts to counsel us in regards to his Wird.